Medicine has seen a tremendous development last few decades. We have conquered many deadly diseases and increased the survival rate with ones we have yet to conquer. However, it is also has become easier to be unhealthy. The changes in our lifestyles is dramatic and we have all sorts of possibilities to eat unhealthy food, have very little exercise and many distractions to ignore our health problems. Poor lifestyle choices can be considered as the biggest disease of the 21st century. That’s why it is important to be educated about them and know how to stay healthy in the contemporary world.
Ireland is a great example of how much western diet has changed last two centuries. In the 19th century Ireland experienced infamous potato famine that killed about a million people and forced almost two million people to leave the country. It was caused by the destruction of the main source of food – a potato. Other countries were in the same situation and the main food sources were things that could be found in the local area. Now where are we? As long as you have money you can taste almost any wonders of the world – thousands of processed foods, fruits from another continent and even exotic meats. The food has never been cheaper and more available. When you have so much food around, it is super easy to overeat and take chemicals that our bodies do not need. In fact, we take so much things that directly harm our bodies.
Eating unhealthy food is directly linked to multiple illnesses, including heart diseases, diabetes and even cancer. There are tons of evidence that processed food is bad for us and how sugar causes diabetes. Yet we continue making unhealthy food choices. The good news is that it is as easy to eat healthy foods as unhealthy ones. There is a myth about how expensive it is to eat healthy food. People often use it to justify their choies instead of taking responsibility for them. It is cheaper to eat brown rise instead of French fries or to cook a chicken at home instead of eating burgers outside.
Another huge change in our lifestyle includes the lack of the physical exercise. For thousands of years human species hunted, walked miles to gather a food and worked all day to build something or to plant crops. That required a huge amount of physical effort and our bodies stayed healthier because of it. Now everyone drives a car or hops into the bus that stops right next to their houses. We take elevators instead of stairs and rarely increase our heartbeats because of a physical activity. This, of course, weakens our bodies. Exercising is amazing for a cardiovascular health, brain functioning, muscle endurance and many other things. If you want to stay healthy, you need to integrate working out in your weekly schedule. Do it at least three times a week for 30-60 minutes.
The third and the last thing that causes unhealthy body is stress. We work hard to maintain our current lifestyle. Who is going to buy that much food, cars and nice vacations if we do not work? Because of this mindset we stress ourselves and work endlessly. Stress can destroy our bodies and make us both mentally and physically weak.